Lately Aurora Borealis or Northern Lights became trending because of the movie Through Night and Day that it inspires lots of people to witness the spectacular phenomena but did you know the best places to see the Northern Lights?
The northern lights is one of several astronomical phenomena called polar lights (aurora polaris). It is a shafts or curtains of colored light visible on occasion in the night sky. Northern lights are also called by their scientific name, aurora borealis, and southern lights are called aurora australis.
What causes the Northern Lights?
When the solar wind gets past the magnetic field and travels towards the Earth, it runs into the atmosphere. As the protons and electrons from the solar wind hit the particles in the Earth’s atmosphere, they release energy – and this is what causes the northern lights. Different types of particles in the atmosphere make different colours after they’re shaken up – oxygen makes red and green light, and nitrogen makes blue light. Our eyes see green best out of all the colours, so we see green the brightest when we look at the northern lights.
Where are the best countries and places to witness the Northern Lights?
You can see the Northern Lights in Norway but the best time to come there and see it is between September and March because the magnetic fields of the Earth and the Sun’s solar wind are more likely to be in sync and it’s the Norway’s peak season for the Northern Lights.
Which places in Norway can I see the Northern Lights?
• Lofoten Islands
• Vesterålen Islands
Northern Lights can be found in Alaska too between September and March because at this time the Earth’s tilt in relation to the sun means that the magnetic field of Earth and the solar wind are in sync. Combine that with a higher chance of clear skies in Alaska during spring, and March at an inland location will likely be the best time and place to maximize your chances of seeing the northern lights.
Which places in Alaska can I see the Northern Lights?
• Denali National Park
The Northern lights season in Iceland is from September to April because the nights are longer and you can have a high chance of seeing them mostly in midnight.
Which places in Iceland can I see the Northern Lights?
• Seljavallalaug Pool
• Látrabjarg / Westfjords
• Ásbyrgi Canyon
• East fjords
Northern Lights can be seen in Canada for the whole year but it’s best to see them between the months of October to March because of the longer nights.
Which places in Canada can I see the Northern Lights?
• Northwest Territories
• Nunavut Territory
• Canadian Rockies
You can see the Northern Lights in the end of August to beginning of April in Greenland but especially deep in the winter. This time are the best time to have great chances of seeing these multicoloured lights dancing through an arctic night.
Which places in Greenland can I see the Northern Lights?
The best time to view the northern lights is between September and late March and the best times seem to be between 9 pm and 2 am.
Which places in Sweden can I see the Northern Lights?
• Abisko National Park
In Finland, nights are dark enough for Northern Lights viewing from late August to April. Seeing them requires clear skies and just a bit of luck.
Which places in Finland can I see the Northern Lights?
• Pyhä-Luosto National Park
• Oulanka National Park
The Northern lights are always happening, it’s just that you don’t see them during the day. While the Arctic Circle’s midnight sun makes it impossible to see them during the summer, the long dark nights of winter are perfect for Northern Lights viewing.
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